Science & Technology

Engaging, exciting and empowering lifelong learners through a creative, mastery-based curriculum

Our curriculum is centred around developing the whole child: from their head, to their heart, to their hand.

The characteristics of a scientist at East Farleigh Primary School:

  • The ability to think independently and raise questions about working scientifically and the knowledge and skills that it brings.

  • Confidence and competence in the full range of practical skills, taking the initiative in, for example, planning and carrying out scientific investigations.

  • Excellent scientific knowledge and understanding which is demonstrated in written and verbal explanations, solving challenging problems and reporting scientific findings.

  • High levels of originality, imagination or innovation in the application of skills.

  • The ability to undertake practical work in a variety of contexts, including fieldwork.

  • A passion for science and its application in past, present and future technologies.

The characteristics of a designer and engineer at East Farleigh Primary School:

  • Significant levels of originality and the willingness to take creative risks to produce innovative ideas and prototypes.

  • An excellent attitude to learning and independent working.

  • The ability to use time efficiently and work constructively and productively with others.

  • The ability to carry out thorough research, show initiative and ask questions to develop an exceptionally detailed knowledge of users’ needs.

  • The ability to act as responsible designers and makers, working ethically, using finite materials carefully and working safely.

  • A thorough knowledge of which tools, equipment and materials to use to make their products.

  • The ability to apply mathematical knowledge.

  • The ability to manage risks exceptionally well to manufacture products safely and hygienically.

  • A passion for the subject and knowledge of, up-to-date technological innovations in materials, products and systems.

Curriculum Ambition: Science & Technology

At East Farleigh Primary School, our intent is to approach science with a deeper, more engaging curriculum. With a mastery approach, to accelerate higher order thinking, the children will feel inspired and be equipped with the skills, and knowledge necessary to follow their own natural curiosity, applying the scientific inquiry and reasoning skills they have learnt to other settings, challenges and experiences in their lives.

The children will develop as scientists, with the foundations for understanding the world through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. All children will be taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of science. They will be empowered with skills of observation, scrutiny, questioning, comparison and contrast, ordering and evaluation. They will become passionate enquirers and be utterly absorbed by the world around them; inspired to push boundaries of understanding through observation, testing, and hypothesising questions they have created themselves.

The ambition of the science curriculum is to excite through the tangible experiences and investigations that are taught. With this wonder, we create curiosity within the children for them to want to question, explore and discover further. We aim to inspire and capture the minds of the children which therefore leads them to question the world around us and become lifelong learners.

Curriculum Design: Science & Technology

The science curriculum at East Farleigh Primary School aims to ensure that all children develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the scientific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics; develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them; and are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and in the future.

Using the Kent Scheme, National Curriculum and Chris Quigley’s Essentials Curriculum, we have designed a whole-school curriculum that demonstrates clear progression; each topic, concept and skill is built upon systematically term-by-term and year-by-year. There is a rich variety of ‘working scientifically’ investigations that involve tangible experiences for children to learn how to conduct a fair test, seek patterns in results, conduct and observe experiments over time and discover how to group and classify. We have constructed our curriculum not only for the children to have a breadth of knowledge but to also have meaningful depth. The science curriculum has been developed alongside the Essentials Curriculum which supports each step of a scientific enquiry to ensure that children methodically follow through to verify and compare their findings, devise their own experiments and apply their knowledge to the world around them.

The science curriculum can be embedded into a termly topic but if the subject matter doesn’t link the lessons are to be taught discretely. This is essential to secure the science aims of the National Curriculum, develop their understanding of nature, processes and methods of science through different enquiries and to question the world around them. We will equip the children with scientific knowledge to understand the uses of and implications of science today and for the future.

Curriculum Concepts: Science & Technology

Our pupils should be able to organise their knowledge, skills and understanding around the following learning hooks:


  • Understand plants

  • Understand animals and humans

  • Investigate living things

  • Understand evolution and inheritance


  • Investigate materials


  • Understand movement, forces and magnets

  • Understand the Earth's movement in space

  • Investigate light and seeing

  • Investigate sound and hearing

  • Understand electrical circuits

Work Scientifically

‘Working scientifically’ specifies the understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science for each year group. It should not be taught as a separate strand. The notes and guidance give examples of how ‘working scientifically’ might be embedded within the content of biology, chemistry and physics, focusing on the key features of scientific enquiry, so that pupils learn to use a variety of approaches to answer relevant scientific questions. These types of scientific enquiry should include: observing over time; pattern seeking; identifying, classifying and grouping; comparative and fair testing (controlled investigations); and researching using secondary sources. Pupils should seek answers to questions through collecting, analysing and presenting data.

Master practical skills

  • developing the skills needed to make high quality products

Design, make, evaluate and improve

  • Developing the process of deep thinking and seeing design as a process

Take inspiration from design throughout history

  • Appreciating the design process the has influenced the products we use in everyday life

These key concepts or as we like to explain them to children – learning hooks, underpin learning in each milestone. This enables pupils to reinforce and build upon prior learning, make connections and develop subject specific language.

Meeting Milestones: Science & Technology

As part of our curriculum philosophy, built on around the concept of mastery and learning being a change to long-term memory, it is impossible to see impact in the short term. We do, however, use assessment based on deliberate practice. This means that we look at the practices taking place to determine whether they are appropriate, related to our goals and likely to produce results in the long run. We use comparative judgement in two ways: in the tasks we set (POP tasks) and in comparing a child's work over time. We also use lesson observations to see if the pedagogical style matches our depth expectations.

End of year teacher assessments, which take into account engagement in lessons, quality of outcomes and results from any POP/ summative tasks, help to form a judgement about a child's attainment within the subject. These judgements are made in relation to a child's progress towards mastering biannual milestones against four essential threshold concepts (see above).

What do our pupils think?

"A scientist is someone who makes new discoveries, science is fun but sometimes it can be hard work. My favourite part of science has been testing out Charles Darwin's theory about life evolving from water." Year 5

"I enjoyed going to the playground to find different plants. I have learnt a new word: germination." Year 1

"I know lots of birds: parrots, magpies, sparrows, woodpeckers, pigeons, blue tits, seagulls and chickens! I want to learn about volcanoes next." EYFS

"I enjoy learning new things and doing lots of experiments." Year 2

Aspirations for the future

Pupils develop an understanding of how subjects and specific skills are linked to future jobs. Here are some of the jobs they could aspire to do in the future as a scientist, designer or engineer:

  • Astronaut

  • Vet or biologist

  • Civil engineer

  • Automotive engineer

  • Theme park designer

  • Architect

For more careers, please visit First Careers and Career Stem.